The Etruscan tomb of Grotte Scalina near Viterbo is an outstanding example of the rock-cut architecture favoured especially in southern Etruria between the 6th and 2nd centuries BC. With its porticoed storeys, connected by stairways and crowned by a pediment, the façade seems inspired by the palatial architecture of Pella and Vergina in Macedonia. This and other evidence points towards a direct relationship between Etruria and the Macedonia of Philip II or Alexander the Great. Yet the tomb’s great banqueting hall, equipped with six beds, derives from traditional Etruscan funerary architecture. The excavation of its two funerary chambers presents new, problematic evidence about the entire complex, and suggests the presence of another, still intact subterranean tomb.
The lecture was by Vincent Jolivet, Director of Research, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and took place at the British Museum on Friday 19 May 2017.